Policy Papers

Let us help solve your agency's toughest policy challenges

Education Enhancement

Let us help transform your defense education programs


Subscribe to our widely read scholarly journal Connections

Executive Director's Commentary (3)

The Executive Director's Commentary are one of several Partnership for Peace Consortium products. It should be noted that the Commentary series does not represent official PfPC positions, but rather are the personal views of the PfPC's Executive Director.

This commentary presents nine options for consideration by policymakers when designing strategies to mitigate transnational asymmetric terrorism (TAT) within a framework of acceptable losses and sustainable costs.

This commentary is based on remarks by the PfPC's Executive Director, Raphael Perl, at the 12th Annual Student Conference: Hackers, Contractors and Drones: Warfare in the 21st Century, The Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, April 22, 2016.  The main theme of the commentary is that no country – especially a democracy – can remain fully mobilized indefinitely, and that society's goal should be to manage asymmetric attacks without descending down the path of a police state, with the loss of freedom that such a path would entail. In dealing with asymmetric warfare, society must be prepared to acknowledge and accept the inevitability of asymmetric attacks and losses, while maintaining the resiliency of society to function in their aftermath.


This is the first in the Executive Director's Commentary series, with a focus on transnational threats. Transnational threats are exasperated by the rapid pace of change. As such, the most important strategic perspective is to remain ahead of the change curve, by anticipating and thereby steering changes instead of reacting to them. Along these lines, the commentary provides specific strategic recommendations to help us stay ahead of change and mitigate transnational threats in the long run.