This article investigates the developments of al-Qaida and The Islamic State in the context of the war on terror. The Iraq war 2003–2010, including the US Counterinsurgency strategy implemented in Iraq in 2007 onwards, together with the political developments in Iraq after the US withdrawal of combat troops at the end of 2011 is seen as the breeding ground for Islamic State in Iraq and thus for establishment of the Nusra Front (al-Qaida) in Syria. The chapter argues that without political developments based on reliable states in the Arab Middle East there is no solution in sight for ending the conflicts and wars in the region.
Durres, Albania (September 16, 2016) – To address the challenge of Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF), 85 practitioners and researchers from over 30 countries gathered in Durres, Albania for the "Foreign Terrorist Fighters and Irregular Migration Routes: Prevention and Resilience" tabletop exercise (TTX) from 13-15 September. The TTX incorporated scenarios from emerging security challenges to engage participants and develop actionable recommendations regarding FTF recruitment, travel, and return.
This paper contains policy recommendations that were developed as a follow-up to the June 2016 Migration Crisis: Foreign Terrorist Fighters Challenges & Responses Tabletop Exercise that was conducted by the PfPC's Combating Terrorism Working Group at the George C. Marshall Center in Garmisch-Parkenkirchen, Germany.
This paper contains policy recommendations that were developed as a follow-up to the July 2015 Foreign Terrorist Fighters Challenges & Responses Tabletop Exercise that was conducted by the PfPC's Combating Terrorism Working Group at the George C. Marshall Center in Garmisch-Parkenkirchen, Germany.
This article intends to highlight the dynamics within the UN Security Council (UNSC) with regard to the events in the Syrian Arab Republic that have unfolded in the wake of the so-called “Arab Spring” and perturbed the entire region of the Middle East. What had begun as peaceful demonstrations against the incumbent leadership of the country very quickly transformed into the violent conflict that has raged for about three years. As a primary world body fulfilling the watchdog functions over the protection of international peace and security, the UNSC was overwhelmed by the highly dynamic nature of the situation on the ground, and was embroiled in intensive deliberations on the ways to solve the Syrian crisis.
This background paper is based on a presentation during a partnership for Peace Consortium (PfPC) Combating Terrorism Workshop held in Brussels April 23-25, 2014 on the topic of foreign fighters. The paper discusses reasons driving the phenomenon and highlights some legal responses taken by Western European states to stem flow of foreign fighters to Syria and to reduce any potential disruptive activities upon return to their countries of departure.